Farming for Power
Rural Sudanese women have little access to land in terms of tenure and ownership, thus depriving many to uptake farming as a means of income generation. The customary law in rural areas is taken more often into consideration than the statutory law
A Dam that Built a Bridge
Located in the Beleil locality in South Darfur state, Takro village sits between two of South Darfur’s major migration routes. Pastoralists bring their animals to drink water at a nearby dam – an act that has contributed to friction with and amongst local farming populations especially when the water becomes scarce or when crops are trampled by animals.
“The low dam has caused a depletion in water availability by March and thus forcing the local community to walk about six hours to fetch water from a neighbouring water source for their use” says Mohamed Yahyia who is a school headmaster and a local resident of Takro.
Darfur Reshapes its Public Spending Processes
Planning a state’s public spending on local infrastructure and basic services, and keeping reliable and transparent records of that expenditure, is crucial. All these processes boost citizen confidence when it comes to the integrity of public institutions and good use of public funds.
he five states of Darfur have taken some steps to improve their planning and public expenditure management processes and address the several challenges facing them. These challenges included inaccuracies in the record-keeping of revenue data and low revenue collection capacity in addition to high wage costs (for example, 80 percent of total spending in North Darfur). Moreover, manual systems and spreadsheets for payroll processing are highly vulnerable to financial losses, whilst institutional and human resource capacities continued to pose major constraints to state planning.
Empowering Survivors of Gender-Based Violence
Targeting individuals or groups of individuals based on their gender through any acts that result in, or are likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm is what is known as gender-based violence. According to the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), gender-based violence incidents include violent acts such as rape, torture, mutilation, sexual slavery, forced impregnation and murder, and threats of these acts are defined as a form of violence.
Promoting Trade and Peace through Amiet Market, Abyei
Abyei Area, located along the Sudan-South Sudan border, is a disputed region between Sudan and South Sudan, delineated by complex multi-layered disputes. The southern part of Abyei is mainly inhabited by the sedentary Ngok Dinka tribe, with the vast majority still displaced around Agok, the southern-most town bordering South Sudan. The Misseriya tribe, many of whom are semi-nomadic pastoralists who migrate seasonally, inhabit the northern areas of Abyei, or north of Todach. Many Misseriya migrate from the north to the south of Abyei (in the Ngok Dinka territory) in search of grazing land and water for their livestock during the dry season, creating tension and conflict between both tribes.
Sustainable Water Supply System for Host Communities and South Sudanese Refugees in White Nile
Sudan remains one of the main destinations of South Sudanese refugees seeking protection from the ongoing conflict that erupted in December 2013 in South Sudan. As of 15 April 2017, the UNHCR estimated that there were 142,622 South Sudanese refugees in White Nile state. The influx of refugees to White Nile state stressed the hosting population, which is already suffering from limited improved water resources, thus causing some social tensions between the hosting and refugee populations.
Action Plan for the Protection of Children in Armed Conflict
The recruitment and use of children during armed conflict is one of the six grave violations affecting children in conflict identified and monitored by the UN Security Council. All seven countries whose national security forces are listed by the UN Secretary-General for recruitment and use of children in armed conflict committed to the objective of ‘Children, not Soldiers’, a global campaign to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children by government security forces. Sudan was the last of the seven countries to sign an action plan for the protection of children in armed conflict. Within this context, the UN in Sudan has been working with national partners and armed forces listed in the Secretary-General’s report on Children and Armed Conflict, including the Government of Sudan Armed Forces, to end the recruitment and use of children.
A Stove that Ignites Change
Around 60 percent of the population in Sudan does not have access to energy services and thus depends on burning biomass for its immediate energy needs. In regions such as Darfur cooking, for example, has become a difficult endeavour simply because fuel is almost unavailable, especially for rural communities. To prepare a meal, women and children walk long distances to collect firewood not only putting them at risk of violence while on route, but also contributing to rising greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) produced by burning wood. GHG emissions associated with energy from wood burn-ing, amongst other, is expected to reach over 24 million tCO2e (carbon dioxide equivalents) by 2030, a six-fold increase from 2000 levels.
From Guns to Cotton Candy
In the rebuilding of war-torn communities, successful reintegration of ex-combatants into the post-conflict civilian environment is a crucial component in the peace-building effort. To achieve such initiatives, projects such as the Darfur community based, Reintegration, Disarmament and Stabilisation (DDR) programme are implemented. This DDR programme supports a total of 3000 ex-combatants who have taken the decision to gain meaningful livelihoods that will enable them to constructively contribute to their families and communities. In addition, the project supports the ex-combatants to gain social acceptance and a positive reputation in their host communities.
From Pasture Lands in the USA to Hungry Mouths in Sudan: WFP’s partnership with USA
Through United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the United States Government continues to be World Food Programme’s (WFP) largest partner in Sudan. This year, USAID is funding 54% of WFP’s operations in Sudan, allowing WFP to support food-insecure and vulnerable people through distribution of emergency food aid to help critically malnourished children regain their health
Natural resources, co-dependence and peace in Sudan
In Sudan, a country with less than 18 days of rain per year, access to water resources and healthy pasture is especially vital to the survival of rural pastoralist tribes, for whom herding camels and sheep is a common livelihood providing them with milk, meat, and income.
Equity of Water Supply Helping the Most Vulnerable
The Urban Water for Darfur (UW4D) project, funded by UK aid from the UK Department for International Development (DFID), has significantly contributed to increased availability and reliability of water sources in the four state capital towns of Darfur: El Fasher (North), Nyala (South), El Geneina (West) and Zalingei (Central).