Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FAO is the UN agency leading international efforts to defeat hunger. Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO's efforts. This means making sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality and nutritious food that they need to lead active, healthy lives.
FAO has 5 main (strategic) objectives:
- Help eliminate hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition
- Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable
- Reduce rural poverty
- Enable inclusive and efficient agricultural and food systems
- Increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises.
FAO in Sudan
Sudan has been a member of FAO since 1954, and a FAO Representative has been stationed in Khartoum since 1979, following the signature of the Basic Agreement between FAO and the Government of Sudan in May 1977. Over FAO Sudan’s 38 years of operation, FAO has executed over 600 projects that have improved food and livelihood security, as well as nutritional status through the development of livelihood strategies that are technically sound, socially accepted and environmentally and economically sustainable. FAO’s work in Sudan emphasizes resilient livelihoods for sustainable agriculture, food security and nutrition, as well as for the reduction of rural poverty and protection of natural resources. FAO Sudan also provides technical, policy and other capacity development support, within the broad context of strengthening Sudan’s national capacity to achieve results in the food security and livelihoods sector.
Interventions are aimed at strengthening the self-reliance of vulnerable families and communities (including herding, farming and fishing communities, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), refugees and returnees) by increasing their ability to grow nutritious food, keep livestock healthy and generate income to meet their basic needs. Emphasis is given to durable solutions, such as strengthening local systems and structures as a means of reducing aid dependency, facilitating recovery from natural disasters and shocks, and improving preparedness and resilience for families and communities.
FAO has 11 offices in Sudan, which include a head office in Khartoum, and programme offices in Kassala, Blue Nile, White Nile, Red Sea, South Kordofan, West Kordofan, and throughout North, South, West and Central Darfur states. Its programmes are implemented in close collaboration with government line ministries, UN partners, international and national NGOs. Collaboration with national NGOs is particularly important in areas where access for UN staff is prohibited. FAO field staff work closely with these service providers to monitor beneficiary selection, distribution of inputs, progress, reporting and other project activities.
FAO’s 5-year (2015-2019) Plan of Action for Sudan with the goal to improve food security and nutrition and reduce rural poverty, while supporting Sudan’s longer term economic development goals. The Plan of Action prioritises and promotes inter-related, mutually supporting and sustainable short, medium and long-term interventions at all levels (including at the household, community and institutional level) with a focus on food-based nutrition, gender equality, peace and stability building and stakeholder capacity development.