Sudan became a Member State of the Agency in 1958. The Sudan Atomic Energy Commission (SAEC), under the supervision of the Minister of Science and Communications, acts as the National Liaison Officer for the IAEAs Technical Cooperation Programme in the country. The primary objective of IAEA’s technical assistance is to accelerate and enlarge the contribution of atomic energy to peace, health and prosperity in Sudan by facilitating their free access to the peaceful uses of atomic energy, the transfer of nuclear technology, the development of research, the application and utilization for peaceful purposes.
The IAEA assists Sudan through nuclear technology transfer for long term development needs. The technical cooperation programme with Sudan is tailored to respond to the evolving needs, priorities and capacities of the country, focusing on achieving a tangible socio-economic impact by contributing directly and in a cost-effective manner to the attainment of the major sustainable development priorities.
The current programme for Sudan consists of national, regional and interregional projects where nuclear techniques have a value added advantage over conventional methods. They include radiotherapy services at RICK, Wadmedani and Shendi where the IAEA have assisted with procurement, advise and commissioning of radiotherapy treatment machines, and building capacity in radiation oncology, radiation technicians, nuclear medicine doctors and medical physicists, radio pharmacists and nursing oncologists by strengthening a well trained staff for cancer management.
A project on Supporting a Feasibility Study on the Suitability of the Sterile Insect Technique As a Strategy for the Integrated Control of Anopheles Arabiensis has been initiate in the Northern state of Sudan to control malaria. Relying only on the treatment of malaria with drugs and on the control of the vector with insecticides is problematic in view of the development of resistance, both of the parasite to the drugs used, and of the vector to the insecticides used. The Government of Sudan has decided to embark on the development and use of complementary control tactics such as the sterile insect technique (SIT) for implementation of an area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) approach. In nutrition, Sudan is participating in a regional project on Applying stable isotope techniques to monitor and improve infants and young children nutrition interventions.
In Agriculture, projects include:
- Enhancing Productivity of Major Food Crops (Sorghum, Wheat, Groundnut and Tomato) under Stress Environment Using Nuclear Techniques and Related Biotechnologies to Ensure Sustainable Food Security and Well-Being of Farmers;
- Establishing a Laboratory for Monitoring Veterinary Drug Residues and Prohibited Substances in Livestock and Livestock Products through Application of Nuclear and Related Techniques to Protect Public Health; and
- Improving Livestock Production for Enhanced Food Security through Genetic Improvement of Indigenous Animal Breeds Using Artificial Insemination, Improved Nutrition and Adequate Animal Disease Control Measures.
The IAEA continues to support Sudan through the contribution of Isotopic and Hydrochemical techniques to assess sources of pollution in shallow groundwater Basin, on adding the groundwater dimension to the management of the Nile Basin, and in determining NO3 pollution sources in shallow groundwater using chemical and Isotope Techniques to minimize Health and Environmental Hazards.
A recent energy analysis for Sudan showed the importance of considering the nuclear option for meeting the rapidly increasing demand for electricity in the country. Thus, Sudan has recently developed, with the assistance of the IAEA, a strategic plan for the introduction of nuclear power in an attempt to explore the feasibility of embarking on the nuclear option for the energy mix to meet the demands of the nation.