United Nations Environment Programme
UN Environment is the leading global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda and promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimensions of sustainable development within the United Nations system. UN Environment serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment.
Established during the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in 15th of December 1972, UN Environment has since provided leadership on environmental issues and encourages partnerships in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.
UN Environment’s Presence in Sudan
In 2007, UN Environment was invited by the government to open an office in Sudan on the back of its Post Conflict Environmental Assessment. UN Environment then began work on the Sudan Integrated Environment Programme, funded by UK’s Department for International Development.
The work UN Environment does in Sudan includes a cohesive approach to supporting:
· The management of water resources
· Adaptation to the impacts of climate change
· Pastoralist and farmer livelihoods
· The sustainable use of Sudan’s forest resources
· Community-based natural resource management.
Sudan’s vital natural resources sustains resilience, enables development and are valuable assets in helping parts of the country recover from prolonged conflict.
For example, in North Darfur population growth and displacement have increased the demand on land and water, straining the capacity of the environment as well as the planning and management capacity of government. This combined with conflict, a changing climate, and inefficient water-use and management has resulted in deforestation, erosion and declining soil fertility.
Livelihoods are thus weakened because essential natural resources – the water, soil, and trees that communities rely upon – have become degraded. Hence, the ability for people to adapt to the combined pressures have been compromised, setting in motion a negative cycle between the environment and economic recovery within and around Wadi El Ku.
In North Darfur, the Wadi El Ku Catchment Management Project, supported by the European Union, UN Environment demonstrates how this harmful cycle can be halted and through vital community engagement, eventually reversed.
Working closely with the Sudanese government, national, state and local leaders, civil society and the international community – UN Environment encourages the sustainable development of Sudan’s natural resources, through improved environmental governance, with the ultimate aim of assisting the people of Sudan to achieve peace, recovery and sustainable economic development.