United Nations Children's Fund
UNICEF’s work contributes to building a world where the rights of every child are fulfilled, as mandated by the United Nations General Assembly. Guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child, UNICEF promotes child health and nutrition, quality basic education, the protection of children from violence and exploitation, and advocates the full participation of children in the political, social, and economic development of their communities.
UNICEF is active in 190 countries through country programmes and national committees. Some 88% of the Organisation's posts are located in the field.
UNICEF works closely with national, international NGO’s and government partners to respond to chronic under-development issues, protracted and new emergencies by providing a more equitable access to basic services for all children while also protecting their fundamental rights
UNICEF Presence in Sudan
UNICEF has operated in Sudan since 1952, first permanent office opened in Khartoum in 1974. From 1989, UNICEF operations in Southern Sudan were managed through Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS), the first humanitarian relief programme to operate cross-border into a war zone with the agreement of the sovereign government and the rebel movement. UNICEF played a lead agency role in OLS and was primarily responsible for negotiating the original ‘corridors of tranquillity’ into towns across the Kenya-Sudan border. At the same time, a UNICEF operation for the northern states of Sudan was based in Khartoum.
Following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in January 2005, the political structures in Sudan undertook a significant transformation. A Government of National Unity, containing representation from both the National Congress Party (NCP) in the north of the country and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) from Southern Sudan came into being, along with an autonomous Government of Southern Sudan, based in Juba.
With the advent of peace, UNICEF's structure was redesigned to provide a single framework for strategic planning, policy and budgeting while ensuring that localised needs of children in Sudan. UNICEF Sudan is currently working in 15 states including Darfur. To ensure an effective response at state and community level UNICEF has 11 Zonal Offices each facilitating the implementation of UNICEF-supported programmes in their respective areas.
UNICEF focuses on service delivery at the community level in support of education, child and maternal health, nutrition, water sanitation and hygiene, HIV/AIDS, and the development of standards and guidelines for child protection and adolescent, as well as strengthening systems at federal and state level and promoting social mobilization in support of achieving results for children through evidence. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.