The United Nations Country Team and the Government of the Republic of Sudan pledge to work closely together and with other development partners to support fulfilment of the country’s development priorities, as defined by the Five-Year National Development Plan 2012-2016 and commitments to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. The collective aspiration of the members of the United Nations Country Team under this United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) will be to move toward greater collaboration, focus and coherence, and to enhance the impact of our support as we seek to improve the quality of life for all people in Sudan. The One UN Programme 2012-2016 foresees a financial framework of nearly US$928.9 million coming from the UN, global funds, donors and governments with focus on four priority areas:
Poverty Reduction, Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Livelihoods
Poverty is wide spread in Sudan with 46.5% of the population below poverty line, (2009 National Baseline Household Survey) some 14.4 million people are considered poor. The incidence of poverty ranges from a quarter of the population in Khartoum to more than two thirds of the population in Northern Darfur. The 2013 Global Hunger Index classified Sudan as a least-developed and a low-income food-deficit country and, the growth rate of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2014 stood at 3.6 percent. Unemployment among; young people is 20%, women 24%, and number of families vulnerable to environmental risks and climate change is 220,000.
In order to overcome these challenges, the UN is supporting the government of Sudan priority to overall poverty reduction, overcome unemployment; revitalization of agriculture and industry; strengthening the private sector; and villages with measures in place for sustainable resources management.
Programmes are designed with special attention to youth, women and vulnerable families, to enable them to have better opportunities for decent work and sustainable livelihoods and are protected from external shocks.
Government authorities and the UN are working on equalizing economic and social opportunities for the people of Sudan through, creating job prospects and utilizing cultural, natural and energy resources in a sustainable manner.
To address challenges with regards to basic services, the UN is supporting the government of Sudan to ensure increased coverage and improved quality of basic services. In health, initiatives support ; reductions in neonatal and maternal mortality; prevention of malnutrition in children and women; expansion in Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses, malaria, tuberculosis and HIV services; strengthened capacities for reproductive health management and delivery; and strengthened organizational structures.
In education, the UN programmes supports promotion of equitable and sustainable solutions and access to basic education, with a focus on girls, out-of school youth, pastoralist children and children with different abilities; provision of alternative learning and empowerment opportunities for adolescents; and the global piloting in Sudan of an education strategy focused on refugee children and youth.
Attainment of the highest standards of education, health, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene, HIV/AIDS and housing services are basic rights and require further strengthening in Sudan to ensure a smooth transition to recovery and development. Moreover, basic services in particular must be cognizant of Sudan’s young demographic profile.
Governance and Rule of Law
The UN system is supporting the government’s priority; to create enabling environment for evidence based planning and budgeting; strengthening institutional attitudes to emphasize democratic principles; enhancing local participation in Government decision-making processes; strengthen capacities to external development assistance (Paris Declaration for Aid Effectiveness and the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation.)
In particular, support is given; to strengthen civil registration and child protection systems (including courts, prisons, police and juvenile justice); to build and/or strengthen capacities in population analysis; to develop a gender-responsive Constitutions, (i.e the National Action Plan on Gender Based Violence); implementation of the Child Act 2010 in all states; international migration law and prevention of statelessness; and security of land tenure. The UN will work to increase access to justice, particularly for women and children, through capacity development of rule of law institutions and advocacy on child rights. Such issues include strengthening of governance systems, institutions and processes; of legal and regulatory frameworks; and of skilled and trained human resources, including civil society.
Social Cohesion, Peace Consolidation and Peace Dividends
The UN system is supporting government’s priority to strengthen peace building institutions and initiatives to address root causes of conflict through national dialogue, tribal interests, equal citizenship and civic and peace education with focus on women, youth, religious leaders and media professionals. It further prioritizes cultural security to protect the national heritage, and building of cultural bridges regionally and globally. The centre piece of UN system implementation is community security,(small arms control, cohesion in returnee and host/receiving communities), complemented by affordable and environment friendly construction technology.